Leh, Ladakh, J&K, India — "Lately, I've been urging people who follow our Buddhist traditions to become 21st century Buddhists," His Holiness the Dalai Lama said, adding: 'To preserve teachings of the Buddha and keep them alive we should read the contents of the Three Baskets of scriptures and apply what we learn by exercising the Three Trainings in ethics, concentration and wisdom—in other words, study and practice.'
His Holiness visited Matho Monastery, which is situated 26 kilometres southeast of Leh in Ladakh, J&K, northern India. Schoolchildren and local residents lined the road to greet him as his car drove through the villages of Chuchot Yakma, Chuchot Shama and Chuchot Gongma in Matho area. His Holiness was welcomed in traditional style by monks who, wearing red hats, escorted him to the assembly hall. The way was lined by local women ornate in their peraks, the traditional headdresses studded with turquoise and bright flowers in their hands.
Once His Holiness had sat down, tea and ceremonial sweet rice were served while the assembly recited a prayer for his long life composed by his two tutors. In response to his enquiry, he heard that the monastery had been founded in 1410 and that Sakya Dagtri had spent time there.
"I've been invited to visit Ganden Trisur Rinpoche at his family's home nearby," His Holiness explained to those with him in the temple, "so I thought I'd like to come to see you here too. Since I've received the Path and Fruit transmission from Chopgye Trichen Rinpoche, I do the Hevajra practice every day. So, as a student of the Sakya Tradition it feels good to be here today."
Matho Monastery is renowned for its collection of old thangka paintings, some of which date back to the founding of the monastery. In an adjacent hall His Holiness was shown examples of work a team of foreigners have been doing to clean and restore such paintings.
"My dear Dharma brothers and sisters, I've been invited to lunch with Ganden Trisur Rinpoche at his family home down the hill today, and decided to visit your monastery too. I consider it important to pay respect to all religious traditions whenever you can, so I'm very happy to be able to visit this Sakya monastery.
"The Sakya Tradition, beginning with the three founders in tantric robes and continuing with the Five Patriarchs, has included many great scholars and practitioners of the teachings of sutra and tantra. To this day we remember the erudite Sakya Pandita for such works as his 'Treasury of Logic on Valid Cognition' and his 'Discrimination the Three Vows', as well as his studies with the Kashmiri Pandita Shakya Shribhadra.
"Lately, I've been urging people who follow our Buddhist traditions to become 21st century Buddhists. What does this mean? According to the great Indian master Vasubandhu the teachings of the Buddha can be classed as scriptural and experiential. To preserve them and keep them alive we need both to study and develop experience of what we've understood through practice. This means we should read the contents of the Three Baskets of scriptures and apply what we learn by exercising the Three Trainings in ethics, concentration and wisdom—in other words, study and practice.
"In the past the general public didn't study very much. They might recite the scriptures, but they didn't feel a need to investigate their meaning. That's what we need to do now, study philosophy and logic and integrate what we learn into our day to day lives.
"There were many monasteries in Tibet in the past, but study of the classic texts only took place in those that were called centres of learning. Study should no longer be confined to the colleges. We all should learn what Buddhism is really about.
"The world's various religious traditions convey a common message of love and compassion, contentment and self-discipline. They all have the potential to shape good people. There is an array of different traditions within Hinduism, just as there are four major schools of thought in Buddhism. Making yourself familiar with these will open up your minds. And if you come to grips with these different points of view you'll be able to fend off any who challenge what the Buddha had to say and explain the path he taught. In fact, I've found these days that even scientists are intrigued by what Buddhism has to say about the workings of the mind and emotions."
His Holiness mentioned that later in the month he will be giving public teachings, but told his audience that he would like to give them transmission of the mantras of Buddha Shakyamuni, of Avalokiteshvara, the embodiment of compassion, Manjushri, the manifestation of wisdom and Arya Tara, the expression of enlightened activities.
As is his custom, His Holiness reached out to many in the crowd as he walked slowly back to his car. From the monastery the road wound down the hill to the Matho Phodrang, the family home of the Matho royal family, where Ganden Trisur Rinpoche was born. Rinpoche, his sister and other members of the family met His Holiness at the door to the new house and escorted him upstairs to a sumptuous lunch.
Once everyone had eaten to their satisfaction, His Holiness posed for photographs with members of the family. Just outside the house he encountered an engaging little girl, four or five years old, who looked up at him and asked, "Do you really make wishes come true?" As His Holiness laughed, she looked him in the eye again and enquired, "Are you a god?" Charmed and continuing to laugh, His Holiness bent down, patted her cheek and told her, "No, I'm a genuine human being." Still not finished, she looked up and asked, "Are you smart?" and smiling broadly His Holiness replied, "Well, some people think so."
After the family and guests had seen him off, His Holiness drove down from Matho village, with its broad views of the Leh Valley spread out below, and returned to the Shiwatsel Phodrang.