His Holiness the Dalai Lama will be in Australia from 1 -3 December to give Buddhist teachings and public talks.
Greens Senator Sarah Hanson-Young and Independent Senator Nick Xenophon tabled a motion in the Senate on Thursday to grant His Holiness the Dalai Lama permission to sit in Senate gallery but the government and opposition voted it down.
The Greens blamed "fear of Beijing" for the decision.
"Greens leader Bob Brown said it was appropriate for His Holiness the Dalai Lama to sit in the Senate's distinguished visitors' gallery, which is reserved for members of governments, because he was the political leader of the exiled Tibetan people," WA Today report said.
"Let's not beat around the bush here, the fact is there's fear of Beijing alive and well," Senator Brown told the Senate.
Senator Sarah Hanson-Young, who met His Holiness the Dalai Lama during a visit to Dharamsala in July this year, said the spiritual leader has previously addressed the US Congress and the European Parliament and the Senate has missed a valuable opportunity.
The Australian parliamentary delegation, head by Labor MP Michael Danby, that visited the Tibetan community in Dharamsala in July, said they would invite His Holiness the Dalai Lama to the Australian parliament.