Dharamshala: - A new world report released by the York-based Human Rights Watch raises strong concern about the human rights situation in Tibet and China, accused the regime of failing to embark upon political reforms which meet the people's demands for real change.
The Chinese government systematically suppresses Tibetan political, cultural, religious and socio-economic rights in the name of combating what it sees as separatist sentiment including non-violent advocacy for Tibetan independence, the Dalai Lama's return, or opposition to government policy, the report said.
"The Chinese Communist Party reinforced its monopoly on power in 2013 through tough new measures and hardline rhetoric, dashing hopes that the country's new leadership would engage in deep systemic reforms to improve human rights and strengthen the rule of law," this year's Report says.
"Arbitrary arrest and imprisonment remains common, and torture and ill-treatment in detention is endemic. Fair trials are precluded by politicised judiciary overtly tasked with suppressing separatism," it said.
"The Chinese government carries out involuntary population relocation and rehousing on a massive scale, and enforces highly repressive policies in ethnic minority areas in Tibet, Xinjiang, and Inner Mongolia," Human Rights Watch said in its report.
The report condemned the Chinese police firing on unarmed Tibetans who had gathered to celebrate the birthday of His Holiness the Dalai Lama on 6 July in Nyitso, Dawu Prefecture. Two people were reported to have died and several others injured in the firing.
"In an apparent effort to prevent a repetition of the popular protests of 2008, the government in 2013 maintained many of the measures it introduced during its brutal crackdown on the protest movement—a massive security presence composed largely of armed police forces, sharp restrictions on the movements of Tibetans within the Tibetan plateau, increased controls on monasteries, and a ban on foreign journalists in the Tibetan Autonomous Region (TAR) unless part of a government-organised tour,' the annual report says.
China comes in for heavy condemnation even though it announced the abolition of the "abusive administration detention system," known as re-education through labor, relaxed the one-child policy and vowed to improve the delivery of justice.
The regime "also took significant steps to implement a plan to station 20,000 new officials and Party cadres in the TAR, including in every village, to monitor the political views of all residents," the report said.
"The new leadership of [President] Xi Jinping and [Premier] Li Keqiang has yet to embark on fundamental reforms that adequately respond to the public's increased demands for justice and accountability," the report says.
"The leadership has also embarked on a harsh crackdown on critics, while using hardline rhetoric to make clear they have no intention of liberalizing the political system," Human Rights Watch Asia director Brad Adams said.
According to the report, Beijing censors the press, the Internet, print publications and academic research, and justifies human rights abuses as necessary to preserve social stability.
"It carries out involuntary population relocation and rehousing on a massive scale and enforces highly repressive policies in Tibet, Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia," the report says.
At the same time, citizens are increasingly prepared to challenge authorities with official and academic statistics suggesting there are 300 to 500 protests each day in China.
"China's human rights activists often face imprisonment, detention, torture, commitment to psychiatric facilities, house arrest and intimidation," the report says. "Use of torture to extract confessions is prevalent and miscarriages of justice are frequent due to weak courts and tight limits on the rights of defense."
The exact number remains a state secret, but experts estimate it has decreased progressively from about 10,000 per year a decade ago to about 4,000 in recent years.
'Freedom of expression deteriorated last year, especially after the government launched a concerted effort to rein in micro-blogging,' the group said.
"The government and the [Chinese Communist] Party maintain multiple layers of control over all media and publications," the report says.
Against the backdrop of all the deteriorating human rights situation in Tibet, China once again was elected to the UN Human Rights Council during its 17th Universal Periodic Review (UPR) last year.
It added that international pressure on China over its human rights situation was "inconsistent" last year, saying that some countries like France and Britain had toned down criticism in summits with China.
In the 667-page report — its 24th edition — Human Rights Watch reviews more than 90 countries. China also continues to lead the world in the number of executions of prisoners.