Where is Tibet located on a map?
TPI office meeting in 2010. Photo: TPI
Dharamshala, India — His Holiness the Dalai Lama, the spiritual leader of Tibet, has written to Shri Pinarayi Vijayan, the Chief Minister of the southern Indian state of Kerala, expressing his deep sadness at the tragic loss of life and property due to the floods and landslides in many parts of Kerala and offering his support in the rescue and relief efforts.
Athens — Students for a Free Tibet (SFT) has condemned the hypocrisy of the International Olympic Committee as Beijing 2022 is set to officially receive the Olympic Torch.
Dharamshala, India — "In order to develop a peaceful world, both men and women have the responsibility, therefore, boys and girls should have equal access to education to develop a peaceful world," His Holiness the Dalai Lama said in a speech on compassion, education, and equality to young peace-builders at the United States Institute of Peace on October 14, 2021.
Dharamshala, India — The newly constituted 17th Tibetan Parliament-in-Exile held its first session in Dharamshala on October 11, 2021, pledging to resolve the political issue of Tibet peacefully, address Tibet's human rights and environmental crises, and oversee the welfare of Tibetans in exile.
Dharamshala, India — The 17th Tibetan Parliament-in-Exile on Monday, October 11, 2021, approved three women among the five members nominated by President of Central Tibetan Administration(CTA), Penpa Tsering, to be ministers in the 16th Kashag (Cabinet). The three women, Dolma Gyari, Norzin Dolma, and Tharlam Dolma, were approved by a majority of the parliamentarians at the Tibetan Parliament session.
Paris — Journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia were awarded the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize on Friday for their struggles for freedom of expression in their countries, where journalists are constantly subjected to attack, harassment and even murder.
Dharamshala, India — His Holiness the Dalai Lama, the spiritual leader of Tibet, congratulates the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize winners - Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov - for their efforts to defend freedom of expression and freedom of the press in the Philippines and Russia.
Dharamshala, India — ‘On this special day, I offer my special prayers and greetings, my elder spiritual brother, please live long, we need you to set a good example for the world,’ His Holiness the Dalai Lama said in greeting Archbishop Desmond Tutu on his 90th birthday.
Dharamshala, India — His Holiness the Dalai Lama, the spiritual leader of Tibet, wrote to Mrs Martinez on Monday (October 4) to express his condolences on the death of her husband, Dr Alfredo Martínez Moreno, the former delegation of El Salvador to the United Nations.
Paris — Reporters Without Borders (RSF) Secretary-General Christophe Deloire responds to the editor-in-chief of Chinese official media Global Times, who in a paranoid and incoherent editorial made thinly veiled threats to the organisation.
Dharamshala, India— "Warm-heartedness is the key factor in creating a joyful community and a happier world. It leads to a sense of brotherhood and sisterhood," said His Holiness the Dalai Lama during an online conversation on "Creating a Happier World" on 28 July 2021.
Lord Richard Layard, Professor at the London School of Economics and founder of Action for Happiness, welcomed His Holiness the Dalai Lama Wednesday morning for a talk on "creating a happier world". He informed him that today marks the tenth anniversary of the founding of Action for Happiness, an organisation His Holiness had joined even before it was founded. He reminded His Holiness that they had been discussing secular ethics on a panel in Zurich when he explained his plans for Action for Happiness and His Holiness told him: "I want to join".
Later, he said, in the Lyceum Theatre in London, His Holiness launched Action for Happiness’s course, ‘Exploring What Matters’. Trials have been held to assess what difference attending the course had made for participants, and positive results, an increase in basic happiness, have been significant. “I remember that as that event in London came to an end, a BBC correspondent backstage asked you what single thing would make people happier and you immediately replied, ‘Warm-heartedness’. It brought tears to my eyes.”
According to the official website of His Holiness, Layard opened the conversation by asking His Holiness how we can make our hearts warmer.
“We are well-equipped from birth to be warm-hearted and to take care of others,” he replied. “Our very survival depends on other members of our community. From the moment we are born we depend on our mother’s affection. Becoming familiar with being taken care of when we are young prepares us to look after others when are able to. Being warm-hearted and taking care of each other is a natural thing to do.
“The problem is that our existing education system is oriented towards materialistic goals, but doesn’t take account of our need to maintain a healthy mind as well as a healthy body. However, school-children recognise that they enjoy classes taught by teachers who smile happily more than those taught by teachers whose expression is stern and grim. Even animals respond if we are warm-hearted towards them. Dogs wag their tails and I’ve seen birds eat out of the hands of people who are warm and peaceful towards them.
“Warm-heartedness is the key factor in creating a joyful community and a happier world. It leads to a sense of brotherhood and sisterhood. I’m determined to contribute to creating a community with a sense of the oneness of humanity, a community in which faith or colour are secondary to the fact that we are all the same as human beings.”
Layard remarked that some people seem to be cold-hearted as a result of experiences they’ve had. He asked His Holiness how he had retained his inner radiance and loving smile in the face of many difficulties.
“The whole of Tibetan culture is focussed on not doing harm,” he told him, “even towards insects. If a child catches a flying insect, someone else in the family will say, “Don’t kill it”. We are Buddhists, but we share with other religious people the idea of kindness to other creatures.
“My mother was very kind. I learned about compassion from her. I was chosen as the reincarnation of the Dalai Lama and taken to Lhasa where what I learned about compassion and Buddhist philosophy I found to be very useful.
“Later I came as a refugee to India, a free and democratic country where members of all the world’s great religions lived together in peace and harmony. I’m a guest of the Government of India, and as a result I’m safe and happy. And I consider it to be my responsibility to share what I’ve learned about inner peace with others.
“In recent decades, I’ve engaged in discussions with scientists who have come to appreciate the importance of finding peace of mind. They recognise, for example, the contribution peace of mind has to make to better physical health and well-being.
“I’ve met many different kinds of people, but meeting them doesn’t make me more conscious that I’m Tibetan or Buddhist, it makes me realize that we are all the same in being human.”
Lord Layard wanted to know the secret of making good relationships.
“I believe that all seven billion human beings alive today are essentially brothers and sisters,” His Holiness replied. “To think only of ‘my nation’, ‘my people’, ‘my group or community’ is out of date. This narrow thinking too easily leads to conflict. In our interdependent world we have to think instead of the oneness of humanity. We have to consider the wider community because we have to live together with each other. This is why we have to try to educate others to appreciate that humanity is one family.
“In addition to our interdependence, we face the serious challenges of climate change and global warming that we can only meet if we act together and help each other.
“We are social animals. If someone is angry with you, it’s important to remain warm-hearted towards them. Today’s enemy may become tomorrow’s friend. If they behave negatively towards you and you are hostile in return there’ll be no end to the trouble between you.”
Lord Layard recalled His Holiness telling him that founding an organization to promote greater happiness was not his job. However, he agreed to be the Patron of Action for Happiness. Layard asked if he had a message for the movement’s members. His Holiness laughed and told him:
“Your organization is based on cultivating a peaceful, warm-hearted attitude towards others. It’s wonderful and so practical. It shows there is hope for the future. We can create a happier world and a happier humanity. It’s wonderful. And I think your members have already discovered that we are much happier when we’re helping each other.”
The spiritual leader of Tibet, His Holiness the Dalai Lama gives an online talk on Well-being and Resilience followed by a question and answer session with students of the British School in New Delhi from his residence in Dharamsala, HP, India on January 22, 2021.
Dharamshala, India — The President of the Central Tibetan Administration Dr Lobsang Sangay gave an interview to the "NewsX", a news television channel in India on Jun 3, 2020. "What happened in Tibet 60 years ago, it is the incremental approach, it is the leadership coopetition and slowly steadily, they make all the intrusion, and soon you realise that your country is gone," President told the reporter.
The below is a rough transcript of NewsX's interview with Dr Lobsang Sangay, the President of the Tibetan government in-Exile, previously known the Government of Tibet.
What has been happening in Ladakh? Are you concerned at all that the incremental nature of the Chinese approach that eventually impacted Tibet? Maybe resurfacing?
Actually, you know what we have been saying for the last 60 years. What happened to Tibet could happen to India and all the neighboring countries. And what you see in Ladakh, its a repeatation, or what happened in Tibet 60 years ago, it is the incremental approach, it is the leadership coopetition and slowly steadily, they make all the intrusion, and soon you realise that your country is gone. So we have been a victim of China's occupation of Tibet. So the lesson that India and the leadership of India should learn is by closely studying the issue of Tibet.
Dr Sangay, at this point of time for viewers who are watching this. What is the situation in Tibet and in Lhasa?
Now there is political repression, cultural assimilation, environmental destruction, economic marginalisation, and all kinds of human rights violations. As you know, more than 100 Tibetans have committed self-immolation, burn themselves that demonstrate the desperation and determination of Tibetan people that they are protesting against the occupation of Tibet. They're saying occupation is unacceptable and repression is unbearable. That's why they're burning themselves and confronting self-immolation.
How much of the infrastructure China was building in the railways in the roadways that we know they have done and now they want to expand that into Kathmandu as I know you're aware how much of that has already happened?
You know this one Belt, One Road initiative, which is now expanded to all over the world. We have been the first victim, because initially when China built one road connecting China to Tibet, they said this will bring prosperity to Tibet and Tibetan people, you will benefit from this. In fact, we Tibetans helped to build those roads and our parents and grandparents were paid in silver coins. We sang a song, China's Communist Party is like-kind parents, they shower you with silver coins to help build a road connecting China to Tibet. Soon, that road paved the way for Chinese trucks to come, Chinese tanks to come, Chinese guns to come. That's how they occupied Tibet. Now the railway line has come. 30 airports have been built six major airfields are being built. All these roads from Tibet are connecting to Nepal and all the neighboring countries, the railway lines will follow suit. So this is the experience. We have witnessed it for over 60 years.
Dr Sangay, is the demographic change of getting in ethnic Chinese into Lhasa, Tibet?
That has been their policy, late Panchen Lama Rinpoche had submitted a 70,000 characters petition in 1962, three years before the Cultural Revolution, in which he said population transfer of bringing Chinese people into Tibet, to marginalise Tibetans in their own country was the practice in the 1960s. Now, fortunately, at the moment in Tibet, in urban areas, the Chinese tend to be the majority during summer. But in winter, many of them return and go back to China. So during winter, Tibetans are still the majority in Tibet. This is not the case simply optimal if you look at the Southeast Asian countries. This is like 20 years old data in the neighboring countries of Southeast Asia. They have built 300 plus high schools to be taught in the Chinese language. Now there are more Chinese in Kathmandu than Tibetans in Nepal. So the population transfer and migration of Chinese all over the world, including in Tibet, is part of the cultural assimilation. And part of how 1.4 billion Han Chinese tend to migrate and dominate and marginalise the Tibetans and other minorities.
What is your understanding, the difficult developments that many people globally are reticent to comment upon what has been happening with Uighurs in Xinjiang?
You know when Tibet was occupied, we've been making this noise, the human rights violation of Tibet should be a concern of the international community. the whole world said Tibet is an exception, what's happened in Tibet is wrong, but we can do business with China, we can have a normal relationship with China. Now in the last few years when they saw more than a million Uyghurs were put in concentration camps. The security law and denial of, right to freedom of speech in Hong Kong and interference in Taiwan. You can clearly see Tibet is not an exception, you're dealing with the regime and a system, which is systematic and sophisticated in undermining freedom in the neighboring places. Now, all over the world.
You mentioned this has been our experience, and let me pick that up, you mentioned the other developments the other immediate development of course taking place in Hong Kong. How are you viewing that?
Now, again, what's happened to Hong Kong already happened in Tibet before. So the Chinese line of the slogan is this, Hong Kong is part of China, Tibet is part of China, Taiwan is part of China Ladakh is part of China, but coronavirus is not part of China. Now, in broad daylight, the Communist Party of China is capable of misleading people. We all know that coronavirus originated in China. And everybody says so and more than 130 countries have passed a resolution to investigate the origin of coronavirus, but the Chinese government broad daylight says, No, it's not us.
Let me ask you, then about Taiwan, because the situation there has been very difficult now, many people are saying that look with 100 year anniversary of the Chinese Communist Party coming up next year. this is what they're doing it for?
Yes, I think Taiwan could be a flashpoint, Ladakh could be a flashpoint, in which China has been interfering in Taiwan. For so many decades, the democratic process, been compromised interference and election is part of the game plan. Now, Taiwan has performed so well. As far as dealing with the coronavirus pandemic. But then Taiwan was a member or affiliated with WHO till 2016. But given the recent performance on the coronavirus pandemic. They should be affiliated with WHO, but the Chinese government says no, they will not participate. So this is the bullying tactic or the strong hand tactical Chinese government all over the world, and we Tibetans have seen it, experience it for the last 60 years.
What do you make of the bill in the US Congress?
The one is by the congressman Scott Perry, supporting the independence of Tibet, and we welcome any support, on religious matter, environmental or human rights matter. But there is another bill. It's called the Tibetan policy and support Act, which was passed in the US House with 392 votes in support of the bill which is 95% of the house. Now the Senate Foreign Relations Committee is debating it and once they put in the vote that it will come to the floor of the Senate. If that passes, then President Trump signs it, it becomes a law that this is a major comprehensive detailed policy act for Tibet. On the other hand, the support for the independence of Tibet. It's a show of solidarity by a congressman and which has to move the US House of Foreign Relations Committee, we hope it will pass.
How frustrating is it, sir, when the world winds change, and certainly China's front and center? The voices of Tibet, certainly are heard again. And in the interim period are often ignored. How frustrating is it?
No, we are Buddhists, we don't go by frustration, we go with equanimity. This is our struggle. The term struggle is apt, it's a struggle on a daily basis, weekly basis, monthly basis. As long as you are at it with your movement with solidarity with Tibetan inside Tibet, our movement will be strong. So sometimes the international wave will come and support you, don't get too carried away, sometimes the international wave will not support you, you don't lose your heart. That's called equanimity in Buddhism. So that's our goal. As long as you believe in your cause, you fight, you will reach your goal, sooner than later.
Will any Tibetan, in your view sir ever accept the leadership of a Lama Lama, that China wants to choose?
Absolutely not. the Communist Party of China has zero credibility when it comes to religious matters. 98% of the monasteries and nunneries were destroyed, 99% of the monks and nuns were disrobed. Even now, they interfere in every religious matter. And they call themselves an atheists regime. If you don't believe in religion, why are they interfering in it, given the track record of destroying our monasteries and nunneries and vilifying and calling names of the His Holiness the Dalai Lama who is revered by the whole world? With such credibility, they have no role whatsoever in the reincarnation of His Holiness the Dalai Lama.
What message would you send sir, to the people of Nepal, as you will know that the road-building activity to link Lhasa to Kathmandu, is reaching an advanced edge, railway lines might follow next?
I don't know how much people or the government of Nepal will listen to me. But it's for India to consider. Nepal is the only other Hindu country in the world. Now the government there is leaning more towards the Communist Party of China. Then Tibetans there are suffering. Basic human rights are denied under the influence of the Chinese government as I said here. We also would like to tell the people of Nepal, that we have suffered. We have the first-hand experience under the occupation of China, repression of Tibetans continue even today. So they came with sweet words, some kind of proposal to peacefully liberate Tibet. It was a violent occupation and Tibetans continue to suffer now learn from us. Nepal, India, and the rest of the world, the sooner the better for you.
Dharamshala, India — On the occasion of India's 74th Independence Day, The Central Tibetan Administration (CTA) under the leadership of President Dr Sangay highly praised the Indian government for its achievements and progress in socio-economic development.
As Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi addressed the nation promising to build new India, the nation under his leadership came together to celebrate its 74th Independence day with renewed zeal and fervor.
The President of the Tibetan government in-Exile joined world leaders Saturday in congratulating India and her people while expressing hope that India’s ‘achhe din'(good days) will definitely take place. A brief commemoration ceremony was held at the Kashag Secretariat in the presence of President Dr. Lobsang Sangay, Kalons, Secretaries, and senior officials of the CTA departments, according to the Tibetan official media.
The atmosphere charged up with patriotic spirit as the tricolor national flag was unfurled by President Dr Sangay followed by the singing of India’s national anthem. “On this joyous occasion, I would like to congratulate India and the people of India for its achievements and progress in socio-economic development,” the Tibetan President said.
“India has been very kind and its people have been very generous to the Tibetan people and the Tibetan cause for which we are eternally grateful”, Dr Sangay added. Addressing the recent border conflict at Galwan Valley, the democratically elected Tibetan leader Dr Sangay once again urged India to recognise Tibet as the buffer zone of peace between India and China for a lasting solution to border conflicts.
Dharamshala, India — Tibetan activists and supporters protest wearing shirts with the words "#NOBEIJING2022" on the handover ceremony of the Olympic flame to the Beijing 2022 Olympic Organizing Committee delegation at the Panathenaic Stadium in Athens, Greece, October 19, 2021.
Dharamshala, India — Three Tibetans from Canada began their Peace Rally Marathon For Tibet to highlight the Chinese government’s repressive policies in Tibet and call on China to release all political prisoners in Tibet.
Dharamshala, India — Tibetan activists protested against the Chinese Communist Party on the occasion of its 72nd anniversary and said “as the Chinese communist regime gears up to celebrate its 72nd founding anniversary of the People's Republic of China, it is a day of grief to its occupied countries like Tibet, Uyghurs, Southern Mongolia, Hongkong and Taiwan.”
New York, USA — The Regional Tibetan Youth Congress (RYTC) of New York and New Jersey, USA, organized a peaceful protest outside the Chinese Consulate in New York to commemorate the peaceful uprising of the Tibetan people in Lhasa on September 27, 1987.
Geneva, Switzerland — Tibetans in Switzerland and Liechtenstein staged a peaceful march to raise the deteriorating human rights situation in Tibet at the ongoing 48th session of the United Nations Human Rights Council.
Dharamshala, India — Eight Tibetan organizations from Dharamshala joined the Global Climate Strike on September 24, 2021, to seek climate justice with a message saying, "the Earth is burning, Tibet is melting - take climate action now."
Mainpat, India — The Mainpat Phendeyling Tibetan Settlement was one of the first Tibetan settlements established by the Indian government in 1962 to rehabilitate the 1,400 Tibetan refugees who arrived in India after the Chinese annexation of Tibet in 1959.
Dharamshala, India — An exclusive interview with tattoo artist and musician Tamding Tsetan. He shares with TPI his strong passion for art and the meaning behind it, as well as how he became an artist and musician. Tamding says, "Music has always connected me to my culture, and my lyrics are related to the fight for Tibetan freedom".
Dharamshala, India — Tibet, the roof of the world, is a country known for its unique culture that was not built in a day. The exchange and mutual absorption with other national cultures have led to the unique culture we can observe today. It has overcome a number of obstacles to survive and the Tibetan community is working to preserve it in an ever-changing world.
Dharamshala, India — An exclusive conversation with Tempa Gyaltsen Zamlha, Executive Head of the Tibet Policy Institute's Environment and Development Desk, Central Tibetan Administration. He discusses the most pressing environmental challenges confronting Tibet as well as climatic conditions, their causes and consequences with The Tibet Post International (TPI).
Dharamshala, India — With an elevation of more than 4,000 meters above mean sea level, the Tibetan Plateau physically dominates the geographical map of the world. The entire plateau stretches for almost 3,000 kilometers from west to east and 1,500 kilometers from south to north. It holds the Hindu Kush Himalayan Ice Sheet, considered as the largest ice mass and reservoir of fresh water apart from the two poles, hence the name ‘Third Pole’.
Dharamshala, India— An exhibition titled "Inside and Outside" opens in Taiwan and brings the art about different forms of Human Rights issues from December 5 to December 26, 2020. Through the discussions of borders to connect and materialise a reconciliation with broken self in the modern society by the artists part of the exhibition.
Dharamshala, India — Chinese President Xi Jinping’s sudden and dramatic visit to Tibet holds more than one meaning. And no one meaning carries lesser weight than the other. This is the first time that Xi, the super boss of China’s most celebrated colony Tibet since he took over the reins of China as its President, Party General Secretary, and the supreme military commander.
Dharamshala, India —Tibetan cuisine mirrors the culinary practices and traditions of its people. The cuisine is an ultimate reflection of Tibet's geographical landscape and history. The mountains, plateaus, and influences from neighboring countries are an integral part of the cuisine. Tibetan cuisine consists mainly of noodles, soup, dumplings, and cheese, usually made from yak milk.
Dharamshala, India — In Tibet, religion is closely linked to its deep and rich culture. Forced into exile due to the Chinese invasion of Tibet in 1959, the Tibetan people hold onto their faith for peace and survival of their culture. Tibetan Buddhism thus reflects the spiritual and intellectual ideas of the Tibetan people and serves as an inevitable part of their lives.
Dharamshala, India – An exclusive interview with Lama Lobsang, a Buddhist monk currently living in exile in the India. He shares with Tibet Post International (TPI) some key stories from his life, highlighting the struggles and atrocities under the Chinese occupation. He also talks about his philanthropy and his contributions to communities during the pandemic.
On 23rd May Beijing completes 70 years of colonial occupation and rigid communist rule of China. It was on 23rd May 1951 when the Dalai Lama, the ruler and supreme spiritual leader of Tibet, heard a dramatic broadcast on ‘Radio Peking’ which announced that Tibet had signed a “17-Point Agreement” with China under which Tibet had agreed to become a part of China.
Dharamshala, India — Tibet is known as the ‘Water Tower of Asia’ as it serves as the source of ten major Asian river systems flowing into ten Asian countries. The Chinese plan to build large dams in Tibet is causing issues for countries downstream.
Features by Tenzin Tsomo, 2018
Features by Tashi Choekyi, 2017
Features by Colleen McKown, 2011
Taipei — U.S. Ambassador to India, Kenneth I. Juster has strongly praised His Holiness the Dalai Lama over his tireless efforts to seek freedom for Tibetans, preserve the Tibetan culture, and bring an end to strife and hostility around the world.
Dharamshala, India — "Happiness is very much related with our emotions. If our mental state is calm and peaceful, then external factors can not disturb our mind. The mind can be trained to build constructive emotions and reduce destructive emtions," said His Holiness the Dalai Lama, while interacting with scientists as part of the Science & Wisdom of Emotions Summit.
Dharamshala — Emphasising the crucial role in seriously making our world more peaceful and harmonious, His Holiness the Dalai Lama said, all sentient beings want to lead a happy life and a happy life means a peaceful life. Because we as social animals depend on the community in which we live and we depend on the care and affection of others to survive from the moment we’re born. This is nothing to do with religious practice, it’s simply natural behaviour.
Dharamshala, India — World Humanitarian Drive and APJ Abdul Kalam International Foundation hosted a Global webinar session “Liveable Planet Earth – Working Together for a Peaceful World” on October 15, 2020.