Tibetans are victims of the Chinese government's repressive and oppressive policies in Tibet. Photo: TPI

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New York, USA — ‘Chinese authorities were committing crimes against humanity as part of a widespread and systematic attacks including mass detention, torture, and cultural persecution. Tibetans inside Tibet continued to be subjected to grave abuses, including harsh and lengthy imprisonment for exercising their basic rights,’ said Human Rights Report 2022.

On 13 January 2022, Human Rights Watch published the 32nd edition of its World Report 2022, highlighting cases of repression of dissent in Hong Kong, repression of Uighurs in East Turkestan, and oppression of Tibetans in Tibet, as well as attempts to silence those who have exercised their human rights, and propagates disinformation, and tighten the reins on technology giants.

According to the Human Rights Watch (HRW) Report 2022, “Tibetan areas continue to severely restrict freedoms of religion, expression, movement, and assembly. They also fail to address popular concerns about mining and land grabs by local officials, which often involve intimidation and unlawful use of force by security forces.”

“Following a November 2020 announcement tightening controls on online communications that “undermine national unity,” there was a surge of reported detentions of Tibetans in 2021 for alleged online offenses. In particular, Tibetans who communicated with people outside China were harassed and punished, regardless of the content of their communications,” the World Report 2022 added.

“The (Chinese) government stepped up coercive assimilationist policies. Chinese language classes were already compulsory for school teachers, local officials, and vocational trainees. In July, authorities announced that kindergartens in ethnic minority areas must use Chinese as a medium of instruction. In August, President Xi emphasized the subordination of minority identities to a single national identity at the national “Ethnic Work” conference,” the report stated.

“Authorities’ heightened surveillance and intimidation at all levels, from online to neighborhoods to schools, and have rendered protests—such as those over the downgrading of the minority language in Inner Mongolia in 2020—virtually impossible in Tibetan areas,” the Human Rights report said.

“At least eight Tibetan prisoners or suspects were released due to ill health, some due to torture, four of whom died soon after, though the true number is unknown due to extreme information controls in Tibet,” the Human Rights Watch said.

“In Tibet, the authorities stepped up coercive assimilationist policies and heightened surveillance and intimidation at all levels,” it stated.

“The Chinese government’s heightened repression at home, and use of “hostage diplomacy” and confrontational “wolf-warrior diplomacy” abroad generated international pushbacks against its human rights record,” HRW said.

“President Xi Jinping’s ‘New Era’ has not only entrenched him as China’s leader, but also entrenched oppression across China,” said Sophie Richardson, China director at Human Rights Watch.

Human Rights Watch World Report 2022 is 752 pages long and reviews human rights practices in nearly 100 countries in 2021.